A retrospective Analysis of Annual Mortality in Rozhhalat Emergency Hospital Erbil- Iraq

Journal of Medical and Surgical Practice (JMSP), Vol. 06, Issue 02 April-June 2020

A retrospective analysis of annual mortality in Rozhhalat Emergency Hospital Erbil- Iraq
Jwan Jimhur Hamza, Halgourd Fathulla Ahmed , Haval Faris Mohamme
Rozhhalat Emergency Hospital, Hawler Medical University , Erbil-Kurdistan, Iraq


Background: Emergency medical care is fundamental in building and maintenance of effective national health system. Exploration of death causes is important specifically for preventable causes.
Aim of study: To detect the main causes of mortalities among patients admitted to Rozhhalat emergency hospital during one year duration.
Patients & Methods: A retrospective data review study conducted in Rozhhalat Emergency Hospital in Erbil city-Kurdistan through the period from 1st of January, to 31st of December, 2018 on sample of 204 patients died after admission to hospital. Diagnosis of death for selected patients was made officially by the senior on call at time of death depending on 10th International Classification of Diseases (ICD-10).
Results: Excluding traumatic cases, a total of 204 patients have died during the last year with age ranging from 8-92 years and average of 63.05 years, 56.9% of them were males and 43.1% were females. Common death causes for patients presented to Emergency hospital in last year were heart failure (22.8%), stroke (14.8%), myocardial infarction (12.8%), cancer (12.8%), septic shock (11.8%), brain hemorrhage (7.4%), renal failure (5%), etc. The common chief complaint of dead patients at presentation to ED was shortness of breath.  There was a significant association between mortality diagnosis in and hospital departments (p=0.04).
Conclusions: Heart failure, stroke, myocardial infarction and cancer are the common death causes of patients presented to Rozhhalat emergency hospital in Erbil city after exclusion of trauma.
Keywords:  Emergency Medical Care, Mortality, Causes,  , Cardiovascular diseases, stroke, cancer (View Full text HTML) , (Full text PDF)